Past Tense

The past tense portrays a past occasion or a condition of being.

Simple Past Tense

Rule: Subject+ Verb IInd form + Object

a) To precise an action completed in the past.

e.g. I received his book a month ago.

b) The simple past is also used for past habits.

e.g. He played cricket 2 hours everyday.

Past Continuous Tense

Rule: Subject+ was, were + Verb Ist form+ ing + Object

a) To precise an action going on in the past. For instance:

e.g. It was getting darker.

Past Perfect Tense

Rule: Subject+ had + Verb IIIrd form + Object

a) It is used to precise an action that was completed before another action took place.

e.g. I had met her in Mumbai.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Rule: Subject+ had +been +Verb Ist form+ ing + Object + time reference

a) To precise an action that began at some point in the past and continued up to that time.

e.g. At that time he had been writing a novel for two months.

For Practice:

Fill ups:

  1. My mother (buy) ________ new book yesterday.
  2. Last Saturday my teacher (teach) _________ me Moral Education.
  3. I (am) __________hungry last night.
  4. I (know) _______ all the answer in last exam.
  5. He (feel) _________ sad yesterday.
  6. We (not play)________ cricket last weekend.
  7. He (hear) ____________ a loud sound from outside yesterday night.
  8. The girls (dance) ___________ last night.
  9. Dave (swim) ___________ in the pool.
  10. I (wait) __________ for her.


  1. Bought
  2. Taught
  3. Was
  4. Knew
  5. Felt
  6. Had not played
  7. Had heard
  8. Were dancing
  9. Was swimming
  10. Was waiting

Present Tense | Future Tense

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