C++ is regarded as high level, compiled, case-sensitive and general-purpose programming language that was developed in 1979 by Bjarne Stroustrup. C++ is the improvement of c language and was initially named as c with classes but from 1983 it was renamed as C++ language that supports generic, object-oriented and procedural language that is made up of combined features of other low level and high-level languages.
C++ is considered as the superset of C programming language and is compatible with different platforms such Mac OS, Windows and another version of UNIX.
History of C++
The computational capacity and program complexity of computers were increasing years by year. The programs were also becoming larger and larger, management becomes difficult with C language, Bjarne Stroustrup and his team start working on adding features on c programming language and added a lot of interesting features.
The most important feature is "object-oriented concepts influence by Simula 67" and created the new language "C with classes" The object-oriented language containing a totally opposite approach as in c programming language. Since it is an improvement over c language, it is later known as "C++"where ++ is the incremental operator.
Features of C++
1) Syntax-based language
2) Fast and efficient
4) Compiler-based language
5) Efficient use of pointers
6) Platform independent
7) Ease to use
8) Case sensitivity
10) Rich library of inbuilt functions
C++ can be used in a wide variety of domains for creating different applications; that is why it is known as "General purpose language". As we have divided languages into three parts: low level i.e. Enable directly interaction with the machine.
The high level that allows us to write code in the human-readable language and offer built-in functions and middle-level languages which offer the features of both high level and low-level languages, C++ comes in middle-level language.
The code written in c language is much similar to human readable code it needs to be converted into machine level code where the compiler is used. Since C++ use the compiler is known as compiler based language.
ADVANTAGES OF C++
1) The codes of C++ run efficiently.
2) The C++ programming is simple and fast.
3) C++ is the best platform to learn the object-oriented
4) The knowledge of C++ will make it easy for the learners to learn other advance languages like C#, Java
APPLICATION OF C++
2) GUI applications
3) Photoshop and various editing software
4) Web browsers such as Mozilla Firefox contain the major part of C++ code.
6) Simulation software