Overview C++

by Yogesh Khanna 04-Sep-18

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C++ is regarded as high level, compiled, case-sensitive and general-purpose programming language that was developed in 1979 by Bjarne Stroustrup.

C++ is the improvement of C language and was initially named as c with classes but from 1983 it was renamed as C++ language that supports generic, object-oriented and procedural language that is made up of combined features of other low level and high-level languages.

C++ is considered as the superset of C programming language and is compatible with different platforms such Mac OS, Windows and another version of UNIX.


History of C++

The computational capacity and program complexity of computers were increasing years by year. The programs were also becoming larger and larger, management becomes difficult with C language, Bjarne Stroustrup and his team start working on adding features on c programming language and added a lot of interesting features.

The most important feature is "object-oriented concepts influence by Simula 67" and created the new language "C with classes". The object-oriented language containing a totally opposite approach as in C programming language.

Since it is an improvement over C language, it is later known as "C++" where ++ is the incremental operator.


Features of C++

1) Syntax-based language

2) Fast and efficient

3) Portability

4) Compiler-based language

5) Efficient use of pointers

6) Platform independent

7) Ease to use

8) Case sensitivity

9) Extensible

10) Rich library of inbuilt functions


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C++ can be used in a wide variety of domains for creating different applications; that is why it is known as "General purpose language". As we have divided languages into three parts: low level i.e. Enable directly interaction with the machine.

The high level that allows us to write code in the human-readable language and offer built-in functions and middle-level languages which offer the features of both high level and low-level languages, C++ comes in middle-level language.

The code written in c language is much similar to human readable code it needs to be converted into machine level code where the compiler is used. Since C++ use the compiler is known as compiler based language.


ADVANTAGES OF C++

1) The codes of C++ run efficiently.

2) The C++ programming is simple and fast.

3) C++ is the best platform to learn the object-oriented

4) The knowledge of C++ will make it easy for the learners to learn other advance languages like C#, Java


APPLICATION OF C++

1) Games

2) GUI applications

3) Photoshop and various editing software

4) Web browsers such as Mozilla Firefox contain the major part of C++ code.

5) Compiler

6) Simulation software


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