Capital of Indian States - Civil Services Preparation Online! UPSC & IAS Study Material

Capital of Indian States

by Devender 08-Oct-21

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After all the alterations, India is home to 28 states and 8 Union Territories currently in 2021. However, the numbers might change any time as GOI promised to provide state status back to J&K in some time.

Capital of Indian States

1 Shimla:

Shimla is the capital of Himachal Pradesh and it is located in the Dhauladhar range.

  • It was India's summer capital during the British period
  • The Central Potato Research Institute is local ted in Kufri near Shimla

  • 2 Chandigarh:

    Chandigarh is the capital of both Punjab and Haryana. It is located in the Tarai regions of the Himalayas.

  • It is famous for its rock garden
  • It is also known as Planned city
  • The Central Scientific instrument organization's headquarters is located in Chandigarh

  • 3 Jaipur:

    It is the capital of Rajasthan and is known as Pink City.

  • It is most famous for its palaces
  • It is also famous for its Marbles and Cutting and Polishing of precious stones
  • It is joined to Delhi, Mumbai, and Ahmedabad by NH-8

  • 4 Dehradun/Gairsain:

    Dehradun is the winter capital of Uttarakhand while Gairsain is the summer capital of Uttarakhand.

  • Dehradun is famous for Forest Research institute and Rajaji National park
  • Gairsain is famous for its lush greenery and undulating verdant hills

  • 5 Gandhinagar:

    It is the capital of Gujarat and is located on the banks of Sabarmati.

  • It is famous for Akshardham Mandir and the Institute of Plasma research

  • 6 Lucknow:

    It is the capital of Uttar Pradesh and is located on the banks of Gomati.

  • It is known as the city of Nawabs
  • It is famous for its embroidery work and Chicken clothes

  • 7 Patna:

    It is the capital of Bihar and is located on the banks of the river Ganga.

  • Its ancient name is Patliputra

  • 8 Ranchi:

    It is the capital of Jharkhand and is located on the banks of river Subarnrekha in the Chhotanagpur plateau.

  • It is famous for Tribal Research Institute
  • Center for forest productivity is located here

  • 9 Kolkata:

    Kolkata is located on the banks of the river Hooghly and it is the capital of West Bengal.

  • It is known as the City of Joy
  • It is famous for Howrah Bridge and Bengali Sweets

  • 10 Raipur:

    It is the capital of Chhattisgarh and is located on the banks of the Subarnrekha River in the Chhotanagpur plateau.

  • It is famous for Tribal Research institute
  • The Center of Forest productivity is located here

  • 11 Bhubaneshwar:

    It is the capital of Orissa.

  • It is famous for its Temples such as Konark Sun Temple and Lingaraja temple

  • 12 Hyderabad:

    It is the capital of Telangana and is located on the banks of the Musi River.

  • It is also known as the IT (Information Technology) city
  • It is famous for Charminar and Salarganj Museum

  • 13 Vishakhapatnam, Amaravati, and Kurnool:

    These all are the capital of Andhra Pradesh state.

  • Vishakhapatnam is the executive capital
  • Amaravati is the legislative capital
  • Kurnool is the judicial capital

  • 14 Mumbai:

    Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra and it is known as the gateway of India.

  • It is also known as the financial capital of India
  • It has second largest film industry in the world after Hollywood

  • 15 Chennai:

    It is the capital of Tamil Nadu.

  • It is famous for first cement producing unit

  • 16 Panaji:

    It is the capital of Goa and is located on the banks of river Mondovi.

  • The National Institute of Oceanography is located here

  • 17 Bangalore:

    It is the capital of Karnataka.

  • It is known as the Silicon Valley
  • It is also known as India's electronic city

  • 18 Thiruvanthpuram:

    It is the capital of Kerala.

  • It is famous for the cultivation of coconuts and fishing

  • 19 Gangtok:

    It is the capital of Sikkim and it is an important Buddhist cultural center.

  • Kanchenjunga National Park is located here
  • The Institute of technology of orchidarium is also located here

  • 20 Itanagar:

    It is the capital of Arunachal Pradesh.

  • It is famous for Ita Fort and Jawaharlal Nehru Museum

  • 21 Dispur:

    It is the capital of Assam.

  • The Guwahati Tea Auction Centre is located here

  • 22 Shillong:

    It is the capital of Meghalaya and is located at the Khasi and Jaintia hills.

  • It is also known as the Scotland of the east

  • 23 Kohima:

    It is the capital of Nagaland and is located in the Naga Hills.

  • It is the graveyard of British soldiers who died in the Second World War

  • 24 Imphal:

    It is the capital of Manipur.

  • It is famous for its scenic landscapes and greenery

  • 25 Bhopal:

    It is the capital of Madhya Pradesh.

  • It is known as the city of lakes
  • The Regional Science Centre is located here

  • 26 Agartala:

    It is the capital of Tripura and is located on the border of Bangladesh.

  • It is famous for its temples, palaces, and bamboo handicrafts

  • 27 Aizawl:

    It is the capital of Mizoram and is located at Mizo hills.

  • It is known for its Lushai culture
  • Dampa wildlife sanctuary is located here

  • Union territories

    1 Silvasa:

    It is the capital of Dadar and Nagar Haveli.

  • It got its name from the Portuguese word "Selva" which means forests

  • 2 Puducherry:

    It is famous for Orvile Ashram. It was established by Aurobindo Ghosh.


    3 Port Blair:

    It is the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is located in the Bay of Bengal.

  • Its Cellular Jail is a very famous tourist spot

  • 4 Kavaratti:

    It is the capital of Lakshadweep and is located in the Arabian Sea.

  • It is surrounded by Coral rocks



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