Information Technology | IT Full Form | Scope of IT | IT Future

Information Technology (IT)

by Sonam Singh 14-Mar-19

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Information Technology (IT) is a broad term that concentrates on the use of computers and telecommunications in order to control, gather, store, and circulate information. IT has become part of everyday life and it continues to proliferate into new realms.

Generally, IT is used in the context of enterprise operations as opposed to personal. IT is a technology that is used to maximize efficiency, production, and improving work efficiency.

The whole world has become a Global HUB due to the developments of IT.


IT History:

The term Information Technology first appeared in a 1958 article published in Harvard Business Review (Authors Harold J Leavitt and Thomas L Whisler). Information Technology is often used to describe computer systems and networks, it actually includes all layers of all systems within an organization from the hardware equipment, virtualization, and management or automation tools, operating system like Windows, Mac OS, Linux, etc and multitudes of software applications, databases, storage, servers and more.

With information technology we can have access to news, talking to people real-time, Video Calling, online tutorials, online shopping, and social networking.

Scope of IT Domain:

a) Laptops, Desktops, Handheld devices, network devices, databases; smartphones, etc. can all be included in the IT domain.

b) IT also refers to the rules, regulations, and methodology governing data usage. This data can be in any form such as text, video, audio, or some other form.

c) The Internet is also a part of Information technology.

The field of information technology, or IT, covers the support, administration, and design of computer systems and telecommunications. Among various job positions in this field some include system analysts, software programmers, computer scientists, computer support specialists, and network and database administrators.

The majority of the careers within the IT field entail operational and design tasks related to software applications, networks, and computer hardware components.

Professionals work with organizations and businesses to install and support viable computer networks that will keep systems reliable, efficient, and secure. Examples of some technologies that IT professionals may go with include Internet technologies, networking and security, media storage devices, databases, and firewalls.

Future of IT:

Information technology is a rapidly growing field that gives secure positions for people with a minimum of a degree in an IT-related field. From engineering to support, there are many specializations that deal with the different components of information technology.

Aspiring IT professionals need a degree in a technology-related field such as networking, programming, information systems management, or computer science.

Even without a degree, expertise in a help-desk position may help IT, professionals, further their careers with vocational education or professional certification.

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