Information Technology (IT)

by Sonam Singh 14-Mar-19

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Information Technology (IT) is a broad term that concentrates on use of computers and telecommunications in order to control, gather, store and circulate information. IT has become part of everyday life and it continues to proliferate into new realms. Generally, IT is used in context of enterprise operations as opposed to personal. IT is technology which is used to maximize the efficiency, production and improving the work efficiency. Whole world has become a Global HUB due to developments of IT.


History:

The term Information Technology first appeared in a 1958 article published in Harvard Business Review (Authors Harold J Leavitt and Thomas L Whisler). Information Technology is often used to describe computer systems and networks, it actually includes all layers of all systems within an organization from the hardware equipment, virtualization and management or automation tools, operating system like Windows, Mac OS, Linux etc and multitudes of software applications, databases, storage, servers and more. With information technology we can have access to news, talking to people real time, Video Calling, online tutorials, online shopping and social networking.


Scope of IT Domain:

a) Laptops, Desktops, Hand held devices, network devices, databases; smart phones etc. can all be included in the IT domain.

b) IT also refers to the rules, regulations and methodology governing the data usage. This data can be in any form such as text, video, audio or some other form. 

c) Internet is also a part of Information technology.


The field of information technology, or IT, covers the support, administration, and design of computer systems and telecommunications. Among various job positions in this field some include system analysts, software programmers, computer scientists, computer support specialists, and network and database administrators. Majority of the careers within the IT field entail operational and design tasks related to software applications, networks, and computer hardware components. 

Professionals work with organizations and businesses to install and support viable computer networks that will keep systems reliable, efficient and secure. Examples of some technologies that IT professionals may go with include the Internet technologies, networking and security, media storage devices, databases, and firewalls.


Future of IT:

Information technology is a rapidly growing field that gives secure positions for people with a minimum of a degree in an IT-related field. From engineering to support, there are many specializations that deal with the different components of information technology.

Aspiring IT professionals need a degree in a technology-related field such as networking, programming, information systems management, or computer science. Even without a degree, expertise in a help-desk position may help IT professionals further their careers with vocational education or professional certification.


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