Rajagopalachari was a veteran Congress leader who came up with a formula for the cooperation of Congress and the Muslim League.
- Rajgopalachari Formula:
- Muslim league to stand with Congress demand of Independence
- League to support Congress in forming a provisional government at centre
- After the end of the second world war, the entire population of Muslim majority areas in the North-West & North-East India to decide by a plebiscite, whether or not to form a separate sovereign state
- If partition is reached, then agreement to be made jointly for safeguarding defence, commerce, communications, etc.
- All these terms would be only operative if Britishers transfers full power to India
- All members of the executive council to be Indian except Governor-general and commander-in-chief
- Equal representation to Hindus and Muslims
- This reconstructed council to work as Interim government under the act of 1935
- Governor-general to exercise his veto on advice of ministers
- Representatives of different parties were, to submit a joint list to the viceroy for nominations to the executive council
- If joint list was not possible, then separate lists to be submitted
- Possibilities kept open for negotiation on a new constitution, once war was won
It implicit accepted the League's demand of Pakistan. Gandhi also accepted this formula however Hindu leaders under Vir Savarkar stood against it. The main points of this formula were:
However, Jinah was opposed to these at certain points such as: He wanted Congress to accept the two-nation theory and wanted only Muslims of North-West and North-East to vote in the plebiscite and not the entire population. He was also against idea of a common centre.
So, while Congress was ready to make a deal with league for Independence of the Indian Union, League was only busy at getting a new nation and not the independence.
Bhulabhai Desai was a leader of Congress whereas Liaquat Ali Khan was a leader of Muslim. Together they drafted a proposal for the formation of an interim government at the centre which consisted of: An equal number of persons nominated by Congress & League in the central legislature and 20% reserved seats for minorities.
However, no settlement could be reached by Congress and League on these grounds but still a sort of parity between the Congress and the League was decided upon, which had far-reaching.
Lord Wavell was a viceroy of India. In June 1945, he convened a conference which was aimed at reconstructing the governor general’s executive council pending the preparation of a new constitution. The main proposals of this plan were: