Major Lakes in India - Civil Services Preparation Online! UPSC & IAS Study Material

Major Lakes in India

by Devender 11-Oct-21

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Lakes are a symbol of natural beauty and apart from that they also provide many uses for the inhabitants. The lakes in India are a great source of irrigation, drinking water, and livelihood.

Major Lakes in India

1 Wular Lake:

It is located in Kashmir and is India's largest freshwater lake.

  • It is formed by tectonic forces
  • It forms a delta with the Jhelum River
  • It is a Tulbul project

  • 2 Dal Lake:

    It is also a freshwater lake located in Kashmir.

  • Srinagar is located along its coast
  • It also contains Char Chinar and Nami islands

  • 3 Mansar Lake:

    It is located on the Jammu-Katra highway and is a freshwater lake.

  • It is a natural lake and is used mainly for fishing

  • 4 Naini Lake:

    It is located in Uttarakhand.

  • It is a freshwater lake

  • 5 Sambhar Lake:

    It is located in Rajasthan.

  • It is the most saline lake in India
  • It is listed as a wetland of international importance in Ramsar

  • 6 Pushkar Lake:

    It is located in Ajmer, Rajasthan, and is a freshwater lake.


    7 Panchprada Lake:

    It is a saline lake located in Badmer, Rajasthan.


    8 Dhebar Lake:

    It is the largest artificial lake in India and is located in Rajasthan.

  • It is also known as Jaisamand Lake
  • It is a freshwater lake
  • It was built in the 17th Century

  • 9 Rajsamad Lake:

    It is a freshwater lake located in Rajsamad, Rajasthan.

  • It was created in the 17th century
  • It was created by damming the water of the Gomti, Kelva, and Tali rivers
  • It is home to two islands

  • 10 Nakki Lake:

    It is located in Mt. Abu, Rajasthan, and is a bowl-shaped lake.

  • This lake is probably volcanic

  • 11 Nal Sarovar Lake:

    It is located in Gujarat and is a saline water lake.

  • It is the largest bird century of Gujarat

  • 12 Nokrek Lake:

    It is located in Meghalaya and is a freshwater lake.

  • It is famous for its biodiversity
  • The Nokrek National Park and Biosphere Reserve is located here

  • 13 Loktak Lake:

    It is the largest freshwater lake in NE India and is located in Manipur.

  • Phundis (Floating island) is located here

  • 14 Bhoj Wetland:

    It is a highly polluted lake and is surrounded by the city of Bhopal.

  • It consists of two lakes – upper lake and lower lake

  • 15 Kankaria:

    It was built by Sultan Ahmed Shah in Ahmedabad.

  • It is the biggest artificial lake in Ahmedabad

  • 16 Lonar:

    It is a crater lake and is located in Maharashtra.


    17 Chilka:

    It is located in Orissa and is a saline water lagoon.

  • The Siberian birds migrate here in winters

  • 18 Usman Sagar:

    It is an artificial lake of Hyderabad that was created by Nizam Usman Khan in 1920.

  • It was created by building a dam on the river Musi

  • 19 Kolleru Lake:

    It is located in Andhra Pradesh and is a freshwater lake.

  • It is situated between the deltas of Godavari and Krishna
  • It is a bird sanctuary and a wetland under the Ramsar list

  • 20 Pulicat Lake:

    It is a saltwater lagoon located at the coast of Andhra Pradesh.

  • It is separated from the sea by Sriharikota Island

  • 21 Sholavaram:

    It is located at Thanjavur, Chennai, and is a rain-fed reservoir.

  • This lake looks like a pond now due to scanty rainfall from the last few years

  • 22 Vembanad:

    It is a lagoon and is located in Kerala.

  • It is famous for boat competition

  • 23 Astamudi:

    It is a lagoon and is located in Kerala.

  • It is under Ramsar convention

  • 24 Pangong Lake:

    It is located in Laddakh, between India and China near the Chnagla Pass.


    25 Tsomoriri Lake:

    It is located in Laddakh and is the largest high-altitude lake.

  • Boating in this lake is banned for tourists

  • 26 Chandra Tal:

    It is located in the Lahaul and Spiti districts of Himachal Pradesh nearby the Kunzam pass.

  • It is high altitude lake
  • A major tributary of the Chenab River, the Chandra River originated from the Chandra Tal
  • It was declared a wetland under Ramsar convention

  • 27 Suraj Tal:

    It is located below the Baralacha pass at Lahaul and Spiti districts oh Himachal.

  • It remains frozen most of the time of a year

  • 28 Roop Kund:

    It is located in Uttarakhand and is known as the mystery lake of Uttarakhand.

  • It is also known as Skeleton Lake
  • So far, 672 skeletons have been found here

  • 29 Sukhna Lake:

    It is located in Chandigarh.


    30 Sat Tal:

    It is located in the lower Himalayan range, near Bhimtal, Uttarakhand.

  • It is a quiet and calm group of 7 pristine lakes



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