There is 3 prime Watershed of River Origin in India namely:
- Himalayas and Karakoram ranges
- Vindhya, Satpura ranges, and Chota Nagpur Plateau
- Western Ghats
- Himalayan Rivers
- Deccan Rivers
- Coastal Rivers
- Rivers of the inland Drainage basin
- It enters India from Ladakh and flows only in J&K
- It then enters Pakistan from the hairpin bend of Nanga Parbat
- It finally discharges in the Arabian sea
- It is tributary of Chenab
- It flows only in J&K
- It cut through a gorge in Pir- Panjal range to reach Muzzafarabad (POK)
- Chandra River - Water flowing south from the pass
- Bhaga River - Water flowing north from the pass
- It flows Northward & parallel to Pir –Panjal Range for some distance
- It cut through a gorge in Pir – Panjal & Turns southward
- It is a tributary of Chenab
- It is the smallest river among the 5 rivers
- It flows through Indo – Pak border
- It is a tributary of Satluj
- It is the only river that flows entirely in India
- It enters India from Himachal at Shipki La Pass
The rivers of India can be categorized into 4 categories on the basis of their origin which are:
Ganga is the largest river in India followed by the Godavari. The top 5 largest rivers of India are: Ganga > Godavari > Krishna > Yamuna > Brahmaputra.
Indus River System
The Indus river system consists of 7 rivers namely:
Its ancient name is Sindhu and it originates from Bokharchu Glacier, Near Mansarovar in Tibet which is called Singi Khamban/Lion's mouth.
Its total length is 2880 Km out of which, it flows 709 Km in India and India uses only 20 % of its water according to the India-Pak treaty of 1960.
It originates from Rimo Glacier and is known as the river of death. It flows through Ladakh in India and it is a tributary of the Indus River.
Its ancient name is Vitasta and it originates from Verinag Spring in Kashmir. It flows Northward to Wular lake.
Its ancient name is Akshani/Iskmati and it originates from Bara Lacha Pass in Himachal. It is known as Chandra-Bhaga in Himachal.
It is the largest tributary of Indus and it flows through Himachal & J&K. There are some famous projects on this river such as - Duhasti, Baglihar & Salal hydroelectric project
Its ancient name is Purushni and it originates from the Kullu hills near Rohtang Pass in Himachal.
It flows northward between Pir – Panjal & Dhauladhar Ranges and cut through the Dhauladhar range & flows southward.
Its ancient name is Vipasha and it originates from Beas Kund near Rohtang Pass, Himachal.
It flows southward and cut a deep gorge in Dhauladhar & turns west to meet Satluj near Harike (Punjab). The famous project on this river is: Pong Dam
Its ancient name is Shatadru and it originates from Rakas lake, Tibet, near Mansarovar.
It collects water from Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum & Beas to join Indus near Mithalkot (Pak). Some famous projects on it are: Naptha Jhakri Project & Bhakra Nangal Dam with Govind Sagar Reservoir