Multipurpose Projects in India - Civil Services Preparation Online! UPSC & IAS Study Material

Multipurpose Projects in India

by Devender

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A multipurpose project is one that serves several purposes simultaneously. There are more than 30 multipurpose projects going on in India right now which are listed down.

Multipurpose Projects in India

Multi-Purpose Projects
River
Place
Salal Project
Chenab
J&K
Dulhasti Project
Chenab
J&K
Nathpa Jhakri Project
Sutlej
HP
Bhakhra Nangal
Sutlej Reservoir - Govind Sagar
HP - serves Punjab and Haryana
Tehri Dam Project
Bhagirathi & Bhilangana
Uttarakhand
Kosi Dam Project
Kosi
Nepal - Serves India & Nepal
Damodar Valley
Damodar
West Bengal, Bihar, and Jharkhand
Farakka Project
Bhagirathi-Hoogly
West Bengal
Mayurakshi Project
Mayurakshi - a tributary of Hughli rises from CNP
West Bengal
Tilaiya Project
Barakar - Part of Damodar valley project
Jharkhand
Chambal Project
Chambal - Dams: Gandhi sagar (MP), Rana Pratap sagar (Rawatbhata, Kota) and Jawahar sagar(Kota)
Rajasthan - Serves MP and Rajasthan
Mahi Project
Mahi (also known as Jamnalal Bajaj Sagar project)
Banswara, Rajasthan
Rihand (Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar)
Rihand River - a tributary of Son, River Reservoir - Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar
Pipri, Uttar Pradesh
Rajghat Dam Project
Betwa river
Joint Venture between MP and UP Gov.
Tawa Project
Tawa - a tributary of Narmada
MP
Ukai Project
Tapi
Gujarat
Kakrapara Project
Tapi
Gujarat
Hirakud Dam Project
Mahanadi
Orissa
Machkund Project
Machkund River - a tributary of Godavari river
Orissa and Andhra Pradesh
Poochampad Project
Godavari (also known as Sri Rama Sagar Project)
lifeline of Telangana
Polavaram Project
Godavari
Andhra Pradesh
Nagarjuna Sagar Project
Krishna
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
Koyna Project
Koyna, a tributary of the Krishna River
Maharashtra
Srisailam
Krishna
Andhra Pradesh
Tungabhadra Project
Tungabhadra River - a tributary of the Krishna River
Karnataka - Serves AP and Karnataka
Sharavati Project
Sharavati - westward flowing river
Karnataka
Krishna Raja Sagar Project
Kaveri
Karnataka
Shivasamundram Project
Kaveri (Electricity to Kolar goldmines)
Karnataka
Mettur Project
Kaveri
Tamil Nadu
Idukki Project
Periyar and Cheruthony
Kerala
Umiam Project
Umiam
Shillong (Meghalaya)

  • Damodar Valley Project:
  • It was based on Tennessy project of the USA and was the first multipurpose river valley project of Independent India. It consists of the following subprojects –

  • Maithon Dam
  • Panchet Dam
  • Tilaiya Dam
  • Kangsabati Dam
  • Konar Dam

  • Beas Project:
  • It is a joint venture of the government of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. It consists of two units which are-

    Beas-Sutlej Link - It is to divert some water from the river Beas into Satluj through two channels and an open channel to generate power and increase the storage capacity of the Bhakra reservoir (Gobindsagar).

    The Pong Dam, also known as the Beas Dam, is on the Beas River in Himachal Pradesh, India.


  • Rajasthan Canal Project (Indira Gandhi):
  • It is an irrigation project to provide irrigation to semi-arid and arid areas of Rajasthan. It starts a few kilometers below the junction of the Sutlej and Bear rivers in Punjab state from the Harike Barrage at Sultanpur.


  • Narmada Valley Project:
  • It is also known as Indirasagar Dam multipurpose project and its downstream projects are Omkareshwar, Maheshwar, and Sardar Sarovar Project.


  • River Interlinking Program India:
  • The National Water Development Agency has identified 14 links under the Himalayan component where 16 under the Peninsular Rivers. It has given priority to these 5 projects:

  • Ken-Betwa
  • Parbati-Kalisindh-Chambal
  • Damanganga-Pinjal
  • Par-Tapi-Narmada
  • Godavari (Polavaram)-Krishna (Vijayawada)
  • The Himalayan Interlinking Rivers – 14

    The Peninsular Interlinking Rivers – 16


  • Objectives of River Interlinking Project:
  • Diminishing the water scarcity in western and peninsular India
  • Helping in irrigation and storage as a large part of Indian agriculture is dependent on rainfall
  • To reduce the effect of drought and floods
  • Reducing the diversity between the water surplus and water-scarce parts of India
  • Creating employment
  • Socio-economic development of people



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