Coastal Plains India - Civil Services Preparation Online! UPSC & IAS Study Material

Coastal Plains India

by Devender

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The Coastal Plains of India lie on one or the other side of the Peninsular Plateau, along the western and eastern shorelines of India. They stretch out for around 6,150 km from the Rann of Kutch in the west to West Bengal in the east.

Coastal Plains India

1 Kathiawar Coastal Plains:

  • It is spread from the Kactch to Daman in the south
  • It is famous for large scale production of salt
  • A huge load of sediments is deposited in the Gulf of Cambay by the Tapti River, Narmada River, Sabarmati River, and Mahi River. They also form estuaries here.

    2 Konkan Coastal Plains:

  • It is spread from Daman in the north to Goa in the south
  • It is a submerged plain

  • 3 Kannada Coastal Plains:

  • It is from Goa to Cannanore

  • 4 Kanyakumari Coast:

  • It is from Cannanore to Cape Camorin

  • 5 Malabar Coastal Plain:

  • It consists of Kannada Coast and Kanyakumari Coast
  • It is spread from Goa in the north to Kanyakumari in the south
  • It is an area that receives one of the highest rainfalls in the monsoon season and is marked with lagoons (Asthamudi and Vembanad) known as Kayals.

    6 Utkal Coastal Plain:

  • It is spread from the deltaic plains of Ganga to the Mahanadi delta
  • This plain contains the famous chilka lake

  • 7 Andhra Coastal Plain:

  • It is spread from the southern limit of Utkal Plains to the Pulicat lake
  • The famous Kolleru lake is located in this plain
  • It also contains deltas of Godavari and Krishna Rivers

  • 8 Northern Circars:

  • It consists of the Utkal coast and Andhra Coast
  • It lies between Mahanadi and Krishna Rivers

  • 9 Coromandel Coastal Plain:

  • It is spread from the Pulicat lake (Northern Chennai) to Kanyakumari in the south
  • It is known as the Pride of South India
  • It contains the deltaic plains of the Kaveri river

  • Gujarat Plains:

Gujarat Plains are the plains area between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea from the Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambat located on either side of Kathiawar Peninsula.

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