Inland Waterways in India - Civil Services Preparation Online! UPSC & IAS Study Material

Inland Waterways in India

by Devender 02-Nov-21

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The Inland waterways have been accorded a central role in maritime development in India. There are 6 waterways in India as of 2021.

Inland Waterways in India

  • Major Inland Waterways by Inland waterways authority of India (IWAI):
  • Inland Waterway 1
    Allahabad-Haldia stretch of Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system
    Inland Waterway 2
    Sadiya-Dhubri stretch of the Brahmaputra River (Assam)
    Inland Waterway 3
    Kottapuram-Kollam stretch of the West Coast Canal, Champakara Canal and Udyogmandal Canal (Kerala)
    Inland Waterway 4
    Kakinada-Pondicherry along Godavari and Krishna River system
    Inland Waterway 5
    Talcher – Paradip (Odisha)
    Inland Waterway 6
    Lakhipur to Bhanga on the River Barak (Assam – Proposed)


  • Indian Waterways: The Indian waterways contribute to 1% of the total transport of India
  • Indian Waterways Lengthwise:
  • Lengthwise the Waterway 1 is the longest one and after that 4 > 2 > 5 > 3


  • Inland Waterway 1: Allahabad-Haldia stretch of Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system

  • Inland Waterway 2: Sadiya-Dhubri stretch of the Brahmaputra River (Assam)

  • Inland Waterway 3: Kottapuram-Kollam stretch of the West Coast Canal, Champakara Canal and Udyogmandal Canal (Kerala)

  • Inland Waterway 4: Kakinada-Pondicherry along Godavari and Krishna River system

  • Inland Waterway 5: Talcher – Paradip (Odisha)




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