There is 3 prime Watershed of River Origin in India namely:
- Himalayas and Karakoram ranges
- Vindhya, Satpura ranges, and Chota Nagpur Plateau
- Western Ghats
- Himalayan Rivers
- Deccan Rivers
- Coastal Rivers
- Rivers of the inland Drainage basin
- Ganga Tributaries - Yamuna, Gomti, Ghaghara, Gandak, Kosi, Son, Tons & Punpun
- Ghaghara Tributaries- Sarda & Rakti
- Kosi Tributaries - Arun, Tamur & Sun Koshi
- Yamuna Tributaries - Chambal, Sind, Betwa & Ken
- Chambal Tributaries - Kali Sindh, Parvati & Banas
- River Ganga Tributaries
- It then passes through Rishikesh and Haridwar
- After Haridwar, it flows Southward to get to Allahabad where it meets the Yamuna
- It finally merges with Meghna and falls in the Bay of Bengal
- Meghna is known as the Barack river in India
- It is known as Manchu or Karnali in Nepal
- It is known as Saryu or Ghaghra in UP
- It is a Perennial river
- It is a major river of Nepal
- It joins Ganga at Sonpur, Bihar
- Main stream - Arun, Tamur & Sun Koshi
- It joins Ganga at Bhagalpur (Bihar)
- It was formerly known as Sorrow of Bihar
- It is a tributary of Ganga
- It is the largest tributary of Ganga
- It flows southward up to Agra & then turns southeast to meet Ganga at Allahabad
- It is famous for its Shajar stone & Raneh waterfalls
- It merges with Yamuna at Etawah (UP)
- It forms the boundary between Rajasthan & MP
The rivers of India can be categorized into 4 categories on the basis of their origin which are:
Ganga is the largest river in India followed by the Godavari. The top 5 largest rivers of India are: Ganga > Godavari > Krishna > Yamuna > Brahmaputra.
Ganga River System
The Ganga river system consists of many rivers. The tributaries of the river Ganga have their own tributaries. For example -
The river Ganga originates as Bhagirathi from Gangotri Glacier, Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand. It then unites with Alakananda at Devprayag, Uttarakhand, and henceforth known as Ganga.
Near Rajmahal Hills, it turns southeast and gets divided into two parts at Farraka which are: Hoogly (Kolkata) & Padma (Bangladesh).
In Bangladesh, Ganga merges with Brahmputra which is known as Jamuna in Bangladesh. The mixture becomes Padma River.
Major Tributaries of Ganga River System
It originates from Bharchachungar Glacier (Rakas lake) near Mansarovar. It joins Ganga at Chhapra.
Its tributaries are - Sarda & Rakti.
It originates from the Amarkantak Plateau (Near the north of the origin of Narmada). It flows through Kaimur Range to meet Ganga at Patna.
It originates from Sino – Nepal Boundary (Dhaulagiri range) and it is known as Kalyani in Nepal.
It originates from Gosainath peak (Tibet). It consists of 7 streams and is known as Saptakoshi in Nepal.
A major project over this river is - Kusha Dam
It originates from Gomat Taal / Fulhaar jheel – Pilibhit.
It originates from Yamunotri Glacier (Uttarkashi – Uttarakhand). It cuts deep gorge across Shivalik and then enters into plains near Tajewala.
Its Famous tributaries are - Chambal, Sind, Betwa & Ken
It is a tributary of Yamuna and it rises from the Vindhya range, MP.
Its major projects are: Matatila dam & Rajghat dam
It is a tributary of Yamuna and it rises from Kaimur hills in Satna (Madhya Pradesh).
It originates from Vindhya Range (Mhow, MP). It passes through Kota & Dhaulpur (Rajasthan).
Its major tributaries are - Kali Sindh, Parvati & Banas
Its major power projects are: Gandhisagar, Rana Pratap Sagar & Jawahar Sagar
It originates from the eastern slopes of Aravali and is a tributary of Chambal.
It originates from the eastern part of Chhota Nagpur Plateau and meets Hoogli at Falta.
Its power projects are - Talaiya, Maithan, Barakar & Panchet