River System of India – Brahmaputra River System - Civil Services Preparation Online! UPSC & IAS Study Material

River System of India – Brahmaputra River System

by Devender

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There is 3 prime Watershed of River Origin in India namely:

  • Himalayas and Karakoram ranges
  • Vindhya, Satpura ranges, and Chota Nagpur Plateau
  • Western Ghats
  • The rivers of India can be categorized into 4 categories on the basis of their origin which are:

  • Himalayan Rivers
  • Deccan Rivers
  • Coastal Rivers
  • Rivers of the inland Drainage basin
  • Ganga is the largest river in India followed by the Godavari. The top 5 largest rivers of India are: Ganga > Godavari > Krishna > Yamuna > Brahmaputra.

    Brahmaputra River System

    It originates from Chemayungdung Glacier (Kailash Range, Tibet). It forms Grand Canyon in Tibet and it turns southward near Namcha – Barwa.

  • It is known as TSANG – PO in Tibet
  • It is known as YARLUNG ZANBO in China
  • It enters Arunachal Pradesh as Dihang River at Sadiya, emerging from the mountains. Then, it is joined by the Dibang river from the north & the Lohit river from the south and came to be called the Brahmaputra.

  • It turns at Dhubri to enter Bangladesh
  • It is known as Jamuna in Bangladesh after joining Teesta
  • It joins with Ganga & Meghna and merges with the Bay of Bengal
  • It forms many river islands out of which Majuli is the world 2nd largest one
  • Its Major tributaries are - Dihang, Lohit, Subansiri, Teesta, Meghna (Barack in Assam), Manas

    1 Teesta

    It is a major tributary of the Brahmaputra. It rises from Sikkim.

  • It is known as the lifeline of Sikkim

  • 2 Lohit

    Another major tributary of Brahmaputra. It flows through Arunachal Pradesh.

  • It along with river Dihang merges into the Brahmaputra, at Sadia town (Arunachal Pradesh)

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