India River System – Peninsular Rivers India - Civil Services Preparation Online! UPSC & IAS Study Material

India River System – Peninsular Rivers India

by Devender 07-Sep-21

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The Peninsular rivers of India can be divided into 2 groups:

  • Rivers flowing in the Arabian Sea
  • Rivers flowing in the Bay of Bengal
  • Peninsular Rivers flowing in the Arabian Sea

    These rivers flow from East to West. They only Estuaries and do not form any Delta due to hard rocks & lack of distributaries.

    1 Luni

    It is a Desertic river and is also known as the Sagarmati. It rises from the western slopes of the Aravalli Range near Ajmer and ends at the marshy lands of Rann of Kutch in Gujarat.

  • It is a major river in this region despite its high salinity
  • It also serves as a primary source of irrigation

  • 2 Sabarmati

    It rises from the dhebar lake in the Aravalli Range of the Udaipur (Rajasthan).

  • It flows from Udaipur to the Gulf of Khambat to the Arabian Sea via Estuary

  • 3 Mahi

    It rises from the Vindhya range (MP) and flows through MP, Rajasthan & Gujrat.

  • It finally drains in the Gulf of Cambay
  • Famous projects on this river - Banswara Dam & Kadana dam


    4 Narmada

    It originates from Amarkantak, Shahdol, MP, and is known as Rewa River. It flows through the rift valley of the Vindhya & Satpura ranges.

    It flows from MP to Bharuch (Gujrat) to the Gulf of Khambat (Gujrat) and finally to the Arabian Sea via Estuary.

  • It is the longest East to West flowing river
  • It is known as the lifeline of MP
  • It forms Duandhar falls at Jabalpur
  • Aliabet formed by it is the largest Island in Estuary
  • Its tributaries are - Hiran River, Tawa River, Kolar River

    Major projects on this river are - Sardar Sarovar Dam, Maheshwar Dam, Indira Gandhi Sagar Dam


    5 Tawa

    It rises from the Satpura Range of Betul (MP) and is the longest tributary of the Narmada river.


    6 Tapi

    Tapi originates from Mahadev hills, Satpura range, Betul district, MP. It flows from MP to Maharashtra to the Gulf of Khambat or Cambay and finally to the Arabian Sea via Estuary.

    Some famous projects on it are - Kakrapar Dam & Ukai Dam


    7 Periyar

    It rises from the Western Ghats in Kerala and flows towards the west. It finally drains in the Arabian Sea via an estuary.

    Note:

    JOG falls, made by the Sharavati river in Karnataka is Highest in India


    Peninsular Rivers flowing in the Bay of Bengal

    These rivers flow from West to East and there are 6 main rivers in this group.

    1 Mahanadi

    It originates from Dandakaranya Hills, Raipur and flows from Chhattisgarh to Orissa to the Eastern Ghats, and finally falls in the Bay of Bengal.

    A famous project on this river is - Hirakund Dam


    2 Godavari

    It originates from the Triambakeshwar Plateau, Nashik, Western Ghats.

  • It is the largest Peninsular River
  • It is known as the Dakshina/Vriddha Ganga
  • It flows from Nashik to Andhra Pradesh and finally to the Bay of Bengal
  • Its major tributaries are - Penganga, Sabri, Wardha & Indravati

    Major projects on this river are - Poochampad, Jayakwadi, Polavaram


    3 Penganga

    It rises from Ajanta hills (Maharashtra) and is a tributary of River Wardha which finally merges into the Godavari.


    4 Krishna

    It originates from Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra, Western Ghats and it flows through Maharashtra to Andhra Pradesh and finally to the Bay of Bengal.

    Major projects on this river are - Koyna, Tugrabhdra, Srisailam & Nagarjuna Sagar Dam


    5 Tungabhadra

    It is a tributary of the Krishna river and it rises from the Western Ghats.


    6 Bhima

    It originates from the Balaghat range (Maharashtra) and is a tributary of the Krishna river.


    7 Kaveri

    It originates from the Brahamgiri hills, Karnataka, WGs, and flows from Karnataka to Kaveripatnam (TN) to BOB.

  • It is a Perrenial River
  • It forms Shivasundaram Waterfalls
  • Some famous projects on this river are - Krishnaraja Sagar & Mettur


    8 Penner

    It rises from Karnataka and flows between Krishna & Kaveri.

  • It finally drains into BOB

  • 9 Vaigai

    It rises from Palni hills (TN).

  • It is a seasonal river flowing through TN
  • It finally drains in the Gulf of Mannar



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