Android is the most trending operating system. More than 80 percent of the users use Android phones; it will definitely increase the demand for Android Developer in the IT Company.
Coding Tag provides you the best 30 android interview questions and answers for fresher's to crack the interview of android programming jobs.
1. Who developed Android?
2. What are the different types of components found in Android?
- Content providers
- Broadcast receivers
3. Name the component that handles database and data management related issues in Android?
4. What do you mean by the component "Activity" in Android?
As the name represents, activity means doing something. Whenever a person clicks on an icon and opens any page or screen. This process of representing UI in Android is known as an activity.
5. What do you mean by intends in Android?
It ends are used to go from one activity to another activity. They are also used to initiate the service and to send a broadcast.
For e.g. suppose you have performed an activity that you had opened the message of your WhatsApp and after that, you again perform another activity by clicking on the menu icon of the same WhatsApp.
6. What do you mean by services in Android?
Services permit all the tasks that are executing at the background of the mobile without hanging UI and allow the user to freely do other tasks such as chat, calling, browse, listening, or watching video music, etc.
For e.g. when you want to download any song or video, the services will help you to execute downloading in the background. The moment you click on the download button services will be initiated and it will start fetching the file from the specified URL and also inform the users about the completion of the download.
7. Which component of android is responsible for the communication between OS and Applications?
8. What do you mean by AAPT?
AAPT stands for Android Asset Packaging Tool capable of handling zip-compatible archives including creation, extraction, modification, and content view. It acts as a core for building any Android Applications.
9. Activity Creator
Activity creator can be termed as the initial stage for building an android project. A portion of activity creators formed by the shell scripts is used to create a file system structure for coding in Android IDE.
10. How can you differentiate between Mobile Testing and Application Testing?
Mobile Testing: This testing involves realistic application testing of our device and targets on features such as contacts, media player, SMS, inbuild browsers, and applications, etc.
Application Testing: Application Testing involves testing applications such as Instagram, Messenger, etc present on a device. This testing targets mainly on features and functionality of the Applications.
11. What are the different types of Intends?
- IMPLICIT: This type of intends is used when there is a communication between two activities of the same application
- EXPLICIT: This type of intends is used when there is communication between two activities of different applications
12. onCreate() method?
onCreate() method is called once throughout the activity life cycle, either at the time of activity that has been destroyed or at the time when the application starts.
13. What is the application of Handler in Android?
The handler is most commonly used in the communication of treads or to pass an action from background to the main thread.
Following are the two main functions of Handler:
Scheduling messages or in performing an action on a similar thread in the future.
Enqueue of action to be executed on a different thread.
14. What are the main components of Android Architecture?
- Linux Kernel
- Android Applications
- Android Framework
15. When a developer wants to write applications in the android environment. In which components you will get the classes and method?
16. How are escape characters used?
They are preceded by double backslashes '\\n'
17. What is the main significance of settings permissions in android app development?
Permission permits you to impose restrictions to protect code, data and functionality defects
18. When a call to the onStop method happens?
This method is invoked, when an activity is no longer detectable to the user
19. What do you mean by DDMS
Dalvik Debug Monitor Server (DDMS) is referred to as the most advanced tool integrated into Android Studio capable of monitoring both emulator and real device.
It consists of a large no of features or services. Following are the list of some main services
- port-forwarding services
- screen capture
- thread and heap information
- network traffic tracking
- incoming call, location, and sms spoofing
- simulating speed, latency, and network state
- app thread statistics
- device file explorer
- incoming call and SMS spoofing
- location data spoofing
20. What is the main condition responsible for the occurrence of ANR errors?
This error occurs when the main method fails to update UI
21. What is the various method used to diagnose the ANR?
- When the app is performing slow operations
- When on the main method large calculation is going on the app
- The main thread is not only waiting to finish a long operation but also in a deadlock situation
22. What do you mean by ANR in android and how it can be prevented?
ANR is Application Not Responding (ANR) error. It can be prevented by creating a child thread so that the actual working of the code can be placed in that child thread which results in fewer periods of irrespective times.
23. What do you mean by Dalvik?
Dalvik presents as a virtual machine where all the android applications are executed and it permits the device to run multiple virtual machines accurately and executes files in (.dex) format.
24. Which language is considered as the best language for android app development?
25. Do all mobile devices are compatible with the latest android operating system?
No, all the mobile phone is not compatible with the new advanced operating system. It depends upon the capability of the phone
26. Name the most essential file for the android system declared in the root directory containing every detail information about the application
27. What are the key items required in the android project?
- AndroidManifest.xml file
28. What do you mean by NinePatch Class?
NinePatch class have an extension as 9.png, allows a bitmap in 9 sections that permit extensions in nine methods i.e. 4 scaled edges in 1 axis, 4 unscaled corners and the central one is allowed to be scaled in both axes
29. Name the dialog boxes that are used to select Date and Time?
DatePickerDialog is used for selecting a date and TimePickerDialog for Time selection
30. Can the Android platform support JAR deployment?
No, we cannot deploy the executable JAR. In Android, Applications are packed with the use of AAPT (Android Asset Packaging Tool) into the .apk package i.e. Android package and then deployed onto the android platform