UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply)

by Monika Dadool 19-Apr-19

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Uninterruptible Power Supply is an electronic device containing power protection architecture which supplies electricity when main power off.

Significance of UPS
In modern information-orientated world, companies are dependent on network and computers. In these system, sudden power failure and network stoppages will create an enormous impact on productivity, thus UPS is used in industries to provide power instantaneously.

Why UPS?
a) Provide instant supply
b) In spite of less Runtime, it is sufficient to perform basic tasks such as shut down and data saving.
c) Surge protection
d) Backup power supply


Real-time Applications:
a) Computers
b) Data-center
c) Industries
d) Hospitals
e) Tele-communications
f) Security-systems
g) Back-up to cordless phones

Range of UPS
It can be designed for one monitor to a Data center building.

Want to know capacity of UPS?
To get an idea of its capacity, let's take an example of World largest UPS, located on Fairbank Alaska is 46 Megawatt.
It is capable of providing power to entire city.


Components of UPS:
a) Inverter
b) UPS Smart Circuit Board
c) Transfer Switch
d) Surge Suppressor
e) Battery Charger
f) Filter
g) Voltage Regulators


Categories of UPS:
a) Single-conversion systems
b) Standby
c) A line interactive UPS
d) A double-conversion (online)


Types
Benefits
Standby
Compact, efficient and less cost. Applicable for home pc
Line interactive

a) Reliable, efficient, and best conditioning.

b) Contains a voltage regulator for automatically voltage adjustment.

Double-conversion
Applicable when there is need of high voltage
Online hybrid
High voltage conditioning


Characteristics of an effective UPS
a) Higher voltage is required.
b) High degree of reliability.
c) Comparatively less weight, cost, and size.
d) Slight transaction times between backup and standard operations.
e) Less cost, size, and weight with minimum harmonic distortion.
f) Less amount of electromagnetic interference.


Types of Batteries
a) Valve Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA)
b) Lithium Ion
c) Wet Cell


Trending Brands of UPS across world
a) Microtek
b) Numeric
c) Index UPS
d) Teknitron
e) Videocon
f) REMCO


Demands of UPS in IT markets
With the accelerating transformation of Digital world, Internet of Things, Cloud computing including SaaS, results in high demands of UPS system across IT industries.

With this prominent increase and technological makeover, the industries are researching to enhance capabilities of UPS in order to forcast advanced level version of UPS such as Solar UPS and Eco-friendly UPS.


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